January 01, 2015: Daily Bible Reading with Commentary for Job 1-2
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Author: Unknown, possibly Job.
Approximate Date: Unknown. There is some evidence within the book which points to it being written before Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt.
Context:The first two chapters act as a prologue to the rest of book and set up the situation for the conversations that take place in the remainder of the book. Job was viewed as “blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil.” Job was also extraordinarily blessed, having wealth, many children, land, and animals. One day, Satan appeared before God, mocking Him and declaring that Job is only righteous because he has been blessed. God allows Satan to do to Job what he wishes, so long as Job’s life is spared. Despite the urging of his wife, Job refuses to blame God, accepting his trial. The passage ends with three of Job’s friends coming to sit with him while he suffers.
World History: As it is unknown when this book was written, we cannot determine what else was going on in history at this time.