Did You Know?

Three men and zero women have been

executed in the United States in 2019.

134 Killed Mali
At least 134 individuals have been killed, and 55 others injured, in an ethnic Peuhl village in Ogossogou, Mali. Among those killed were small children, pregnant women, and the elderly. An ethnic Dogon militia, who are Islamic extremists, is believed to be responsible for the attack. Please pray for the families of the deceased. Pleas pray for healing for the injured. Please pray for peace.
417 Killed in Mozambique
At least 417 individuals have been killed in Mozambique as a result of Cyclone Idai. Approximately 300 others have been killed in Zimbabwe and Malawi as a result of the cyclone. There is also severe flooding, which has contributed to the many deaths, and risk of further flooding. Please pray for the families of the deceased. Please pray for the safety of all in the regions. Please pray for all affected.
Flooding in Australia
Northern Australia has been struck by Cyclone Trevor, with another storm, Cyclone Veronica on its way. Cyclone Trevor has already caused significant damage with strong winds and rains. There have been nor reports of injuries or deaths. While Cyclone Veronica is not expected to make landfall, flooding is still a major concern. Please pray for all who have been, and could be, affected. Please pray for safety.
1 Injured in Nice, France
At least one elderly woman has been injured during a banned “Yellow Vest” protest in Nice, France. The 73-year-old woman was struck over the head with a metal post in an incident captured on video. She sustained a skull fracture and bleeding next to the brain. She is currently in the intensive care unit. During the protest, soldiers were deployed to help police maintain security. Please pray for healing. Please pray for any others that may have been affected. Please pray for peace.
Last Islamic State Stronghold Falls
The terrorist group known as the Islamic State no longer holds any territory, and thousands of its fighters have been captured in recent months. However, many fighters continue to carry out operations in secret. Please pray for peace. Please pray for all that have been affected since the Islamic State came to power.
3 Killed in Nebraska
At least three individuals have been killed as a result of severe flooding in Nebraska. Thousands have been forced from their homes in Nebraska, Iowa, and Missouri due to flooding. Further flooding is feared as temperatures increase and snow begins to melt. Please pray for the families of the deceased. Please pray for all those affected.
Protests in Morocco
Thousands of teachers are protesting in Morocco over working conditions. Among their demands are permanent contracts, better working conditions, and the rising cost of living. An overnight sit-in was broken up by police in riot gear with water cannons. Please pray for peace.
Protests in Algeria
Protests have been ongoing against current President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. President Bouteflika was planning on running for a 5th term in office, despite his declining health, however, he has announced that he will not seek another term. He has been in office since 1999. Protests initially began against his seeking a 5th term, but now protesters are demanding that he step down immediately, arguing that his health is allowing others to rule through him. Please pray for a peaceful resolution.
49 Killed in Mosque Shootings
At least 49 individuals have been killed, and 20 others injured, in two shootings at mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand. Four suspects have been arrested in connection with the shootings. Police also discovered explosive devices nearby. Officials has designated this incident as a terrorist attack. Please pray for the families of the deceased. Please pray for healing for the injured. Please pray for peace.

“Where an excess of power prevails, property of no sort is duly respected.  No man is safe in his opinions, his person, his facilities, or his possessions.”  He was the smallest President of the United States, measuring in at 5'4'' and weighing only 100 pounds!  He preferred to dress in black and preferred trousers to the more popular knee breeches of the day.  He was one of two presidents to sign the Constitution, and, it is due to his extensive notes, that we know what occurred during the Continental Congress.  He was also the youngest representative at the Continental Congress.  He is James "Jemmie" Madison, Jr., 4th President of the United States of America, serving from March 4, 1809, until March 4, 1817.  James was born on March 16, 1751, in Port Conway, Virginia at midnight and was the oldest of 12 children.  He was one of seven presidents born in Virginia.  James was educated in Virginia until he went to the College of New Jersey, now known as Princeton University.  James chose Princeton over the more popular College of William and Mary because he feared the diseases carried by mosquitoes at the lowland College of William and Mary.  James went on the become the first graduate student at Princeton.


Upon returning from college in 1772, James entered politics, becoming involved in the tensions between the colonists and the British.  In 1774, James was part of the local committee that oversaw the local militia, his first public service role.  In 1775, he was commissioned as a colonel in the Orange County militia, although due to his slight stature, James never served in combat.  Instead, he served in the Virginia state legislature and became friends with Thomas Jefferson.  James went on to help write the Virginia Constitution, especially the language regarding religious freedom.


In 1780, James, at the age of 29, became the youngest delegate in the Continental Congress, where he took extensive notes.  After the Congress disbanded in 1783, he returned to Virginia and worked to help pass Virginia’s Statue of Religious Freedom in 1786.  In 1787, James was Virginia’s representative at the Constitution Convention.  At the time, James was supportive of a strong central government, with three branches (executive, legislative, and judicial) and a system of checks and balances.  In an effort to encourage all the states to ratify the Constitution, James joined Alexander Hamilton and John Jay in a series of publications that became known as The Federalist Papers.  


In 1789, James was elected to the US House of Representatives, where he helped author the Bill of Rights.  These first 10 amendments to the Constitution highlighted many of James’ personal beliefs.  James initially supported President George Washington, but the two began clashing over financial issues, specifically the creation of the federal bank and the policies of the Secretary of Treasure, Alexander Hamilton.


In 1797, James left politics, returning to Virginia.  While in Virginia, he married Dolley Todd, who was nearly half his age.  Dolley, a widow, had a son from a previous marriage, whom James raised as his own.


James returned to politics in 1801, when his friend, President Thomas Jefferson appointed him as Secretary of State.  James supported the expansion of the United States with the Louisiana Purchase.  He also advocated for the failed policy of halting exports as the British and French were stopping American ships and forcing them into service.


Despite the failure of the Embargo Act of 1807, in 1808, James won the presidential election with nearly 70 percent of the electoral votes.  James is believed to have been the first president to serve his guests ice cream at the White House.  He was also the first to have an inaugural ball.  James also became the first president to have two vice-presidents die while in office.  His first vice-president, George Clinton, died in 1812.  James did not select another until his re-election.  His second vice-president, Elbridge Gerry, died in 1814.  James never replaced him.


Problems with the British and French were still at the forefront when James was elected president.  Although the Embargo Act was repealed, with a new act that reduced the trade embargo to only Great Britain and France, the situation between the two nations and the United States did not improve.


James became the first president to ask Congress to declare war, the War of 1812, against the British.  Despite this unpopular action, James was re-elected president a short time later.  In 1814, the British invaded Maryland, making their way to Washington DC, where they burned the White House.  James’s wife, Dolley, managed to save the Declaration of Independence, along with other items of importance from being destroyed.  While president, two states, Louisiana and Indiana, were admitted into the Union.


James left office in 1817, retiring to his home at Montpelier, his tobacco plantation, where James busied himself running the plantation and serving on a board to create the University of Virginia with Thomas Jefferson.  Thomas served as rector when the school opened in 1825.  James assumed the position following the death of Thomas the following year.


In 1829, James briefly returned to public service as a member of the state’s Constitutional Convention.  He also co-founded a group aimed at returning freed slaves to Africa, which he viewed as a solution to the slavery promise.


Little is known about James’ religions views.  He was raised Episcopalian and attended an Episcopal church while he was president.  A review of his writings offer little hint as to his religious views.  Some scholars say James was a deist - the belief that God does not interfere, allowing the world to operate according to nature.  Others say that James lived his life with a Christian outlook and world view.


James died on June 28, 1836, the last of the Founding Fathers to die.  James was 85 years old and died of heart failure.  He was buried in Montpelier, Virginia.


Happy Birthday Mr. President!


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