Did You Know?

Three men and zero women have been

executed in the United States in 2019.

134 Killed Mali
At least 134 individuals have been killed, and 55 others injured, in an ethnic Peuhl village in Ogossogou, Mali. Among those killed were small children, pregnant women, and the elderly. An ethnic Dogon militia, who are Islamic extremists, is believed to be responsible for the attack. Please pray for the families of the deceased. Pleas pray for healing for the injured. Please pray for peace.
417 Killed in Mozambique
At least 417 individuals have been killed in Mozambique as a result of Cyclone Idai. Approximately 300 others have been killed in Zimbabwe and Malawi as a result of the cyclone. There is also severe flooding, which has contributed to the many deaths, and risk of further flooding. Please pray for the families of the deceased. Please pray for the safety of all in the regions. Please pray for all affected.
Flooding in Australia
Northern Australia has been struck by Cyclone Trevor, with another storm, Cyclone Veronica on its way. Cyclone Trevor has already caused significant damage with strong winds and rains. There have been nor reports of injuries or deaths. While Cyclone Veronica is not expected to make landfall, flooding is still a major concern. Please pray for all who have been, and could be, affected. Please pray for safety.
1 Injured in Nice, France
At least one elderly woman has been injured during a banned “Yellow Vest” protest in Nice, France. The 73-year-old woman was struck over the head with a metal post in an incident captured on video. She sustained a skull fracture and bleeding next to the brain. She is currently in the intensive care unit. During the protest, soldiers were deployed to help police maintain security. Please pray for healing. Please pray for any others that may have been affected. Please pray for peace.
Last Islamic State Stronghold Falls
The terrorist group known as the Islamic State no longer holds any territory, and thousands of its fighters have been captured in recent months. However, many fighters continue to carry out operations in secret. Please pray for peace. Please pray for all that have been affected since the Islamic State came to power.
3 Killed in Nebraska
At least three individuals have been killed as a result of severe flooding in Nebraska. Thousands have been forced from their homes in Nebraska, Iowa, and Missouri due to flooding. Further flooding is feared as temperatures increase and snow begins to melt. Please pray for the families of the deceased. Please pray for all those affected.
Protests in Morocco
Thousands of teachers are protesting in Morocco over working conditions. Among their demands are permanent contracts, better working conditions, and the rising cost of living. An overnight sit-in was broken up by police in riot gear with water cannons. Please pray for peace.
Protests in Algeria
Protests have been ongoing against current President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. President Bouteflika was planning on running for a 5th term in office, despite his declining health, however, he has announced that he will not seek another term. He has been in office since 1999. Protests initially began against his seeking a 5th term, but now protesters are demanding that he step down immediately, arguing that his health is allowing others to rule through him. Please pray for a peaceful resolution.
49 Killed in Mosque Shootings
At least 49 individuals have been killed, and 20 others injured, in two shootings at mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand. Four suspects have been arrested in connection with the shootings. Police also discovered explosive devices nearby. Officials has designated this incident as a terrorist attack. Please pray for the families of the deceased. Please pray for healing for the injured. Please pray for peace.

“If politics were really a serious business, of course, the indifference of the press and the people to such serious issues would also be a serious matter.  But politics is not drama.  It is a comic sideshow.”  He and his wife held opposing view points during the Civil War.  He was known for his excessive wardrobe and changed several times a day.  He oversaw the inauguration of the Brooklyn Bridge.  He was ill during his entire term as president and knew he could possibly die before finishing his term.  He is Chester Alan Arthur, 21st President of the United States, serving from September 19, 1881, until March 4, 1885.  Chester was born on October 5, 1829, in North Fairfield, Vermont, one of two presidents to have been born in Vermont, although it was rumored, but never proven, that Chester was actually born in Bedford, Quebec, Canada.  Chester’s family moved frequently, both before and after he was born, giving rise to political opponents accusations regarding his birth.  Chester’s family eventually settled in Schenectady, New York.  His father was a Baptist minister, although Charles become a member of the Episcopal Church.

 

Chester became politically involved at a young age, getting into a school yard brawl with students who support James Polk instead of Henry Clay for president.  However, Chester was considered a good student, eventually graduating from Union College in Schenectady in 1848.  Chester then became a teacher for a short while before being admitted to the bar, after which, he began practicing law in New York City.  In 1859, Chester married Ellen Herndon, whom he affectionally called Nell.

 

In 1860, Chester was appointed to the military staff of Governor Edwin Morgan.  Upon the outbreak of the Civil War in April of 1861, Chester was given the rank of brigadier general and assigned to the quartermaster department and was responsible for housing and outfitting troops in New York City.  Chester was successful and efficient as his position, earning a quick promotion to inspector general and then quartermaster general.  Chester turned down several front line appointments, at the request of Governor Morgan.  Despite Chester’s effectiveness at his position, it was a political appointment and he was relieved when a member of the opposition party became governor in January of 1863.  

 

Due to his service, Chester would not have been drafted, however, following the example of President Lincoln, Chester hired a substitute.  Chester returned to his law practice, where he became quite successful.  Chester remained in contact with former Governor Morgan, who had been elected to the United States Senate.  Due to that relationship, Chester remained active in Republican politics, although he never ran for an elected office.  Chester helped to raise funds for the election of General Ulysses S. Grant, although Grant lost the state of New York in the election.  This prompted Chester to devote more and more time to party business and less time to his law practice.

 

In 1869, Chester was appointed New York City tax commission, where he remained for one year.  In 1871, Chester was recommend by President Grant for Collector of the New York Custom House.  Along with the job came a small salary, with significant monetary benefits, allowing Chester and his wife to live a lavish life style.  Following the election of Rutherford Hayes, President Hayes worked to decrease political appointments.  Chester, among others, worked against President Hayes, and was eventually fired from his current position.  Shortly thereafter, on January 12, 1880, Chester’s wife, who had frequently complained of his long absences due to political work, suddenly died.  Chester never remarried.

 

In 1880, James Garfield was selected to run for president for the Republican party.  Chester Arthur was chosen to be his vice-president, hoping that Chester would help carry the state of New York.  With a record turnout, Garfield won the presidency, with Chester as his vice-president.  President Garfield and Chester were not particularly close, as President Garfield refused Chester’s requests for some of his friends to be granted political appointments.  Chester had little to do in Washington, except preside over the Senate, where he cast several tie-breaking votes.

 

On July 2, 1881, President Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau, a mentally unstable man who believed that when Chester was president, he would be granted a political appointment.  Research revealed that Charles and Chester did not know one another.  President Garfield did not die until September 19, 1881.  During the time between the shooting and President Garfield’s death, Chester was reluctant to act as President, leaving void of authority in the executive office.  Chester reluctance was also due to the lack of legal guidance regarding presidential succession.

 

After Garfield’s death, Chester quickly returned to Washington DC, where he was sworn in as President of the United States on September 22.  He immediately came into conflict with the majority of the Presidential Cabinet, as all had been appointed by the late President Garfield.  Despite the differences, Chester kept the entire cabinet until December, although a few chose to resign early.  In part due to President Garfield’s assassination, both parties began to turn against the spoils system and work towards reform, including President Arthur.  On January 16, 1883, Chester signed the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act into law.  To the surprise of many, Chester enforced the Act, and eliminated a significant amount of unnecessary federal jobs.  As president Chester also signed the Edmunds Act, with made polygamy a federal crime.

 

Due to high taxes during the Civil War, the government had reached a surplus of $145 million.  Arthur agreed to lower excise taxes on everything except liquor.  His opponents in Congress attempted to reduce to surplus by increased spending on internal improvements.  Arthur did support, which Congress did not, funds going to improve the condition of the nation’s navy, which had significantly declined since the Civil War.

 

Chester also supported civil rights for slaves freed following the Civil War, however little federal action could be taken.  The Supreme Court of the United States had struck down the Civil Rights Act of 1875, and Chester was unable to persuade Congress to pass new legislation replacing it.  Chester’s attempting at uniting with a Southern party whose members also supported civil rights failed as the party declined.  Chester also supported the education of Native Americans, along with granting them their own land.

 

In August of 1822, Chester signed the Immigration Act of 1882, which levied a 50-cent tax on immigrants and excluded mentally ill, intellectually disabled, criminals, and other individuals that would potentially be dependent upon public assistance.  Chester also signed the Chinese Exclusion Act in May of 1882, which banned Chinese immigrates for 10 years.

As president, Chester became one of the nation’s most eligible bachelors, and his private life was frequently reported on by the press.  Chester, however, continued to love his deceased wife and never remarried, reminding reporters that his private life was his private life.  While president, Chester’s younger sister, Mary McElroy, served as his First Lady.

 

Chester was diagnosed with Bright’s disease, a kidney ailment commonly referred to as nephritis today, shortly after becoming president.   Although he attempted to keep his illness from the public, rumors began to spread by 1883.  Chester was also losing weight and looked aged and tired.  Despite his illness, which he knew would only grow worse the harder he worked, Chester campaigned for a second term, albeit, half-heartedly.  He lost the nomination to James Blaine.

 

Chester left the presidential office and returned to his home in New York City.  He declined a request to run for the United States Senate, instead returning to his law practice.  Chester was limited in his abilities due to the increasing pain from his kidney disease.  On November 16, 1886, Chester order all of his paper, personal and official, to be burned.  Chester died the following day on November 17, 1886, at his home.  He was 57 years of age.

 

Happy Birthday Mr. President!

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Only through a relationship with Jesus Christ can anyone hope to separate themselves from the power of sin in this world. Through Him, all things are made new. For a complete listing of readings, please download our Bible Study.

 

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